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英文写作的三大技巧及常用句型 [复制链接]

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发表于 2011-1-10 09:46:17 AM |显示全部楼层
(1)掌握技能:  (一)注重篇章结构,公道布局入手下手部份(opening paragraph)——说出文中的要点、核心题目。 正文部份(Body paragraphs)——环绕主题展开陈述、商讨。 结尾部份(concluding paragraphs)——对全文的总结和概括。 要做到全文中心凸起、段落之间必需是有机地联络,内容完全、联贯。先后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容.  (二)肯定...

(1)掌握技能:
  (一)注重篇章结构,公道布局入手下手部份(opening paragraph)——说出文中的要点、核心题目。 正文部份(Body paragraphs)——环绕主题展开陈述、商讨。 结尾部份(concluding paragraphs)——对全文的总结和概括。 要做到全文中心凸起、段落之间必需是有机地联络,内容完全、联贯。先后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容.
(二)肯定主题句主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的大意。它能在文章中起到“一语道破”的作用。平日主题句出如今一篇文章的开头,尔后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩大。
  写主题句应注重如下几点: ①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点②提炼出一句拥有概括性的话③主题句应拥有可读性,捉住、吸引读者。
  (2)巧用连接词要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确利用连接词示意枚举增添First, second, third,First, then / next, after that / next, finallyFor one thing…for another…,On (the) one hand…on the other hand,Besides / what's more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also,Especially / In particular,
示意时候次序now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with,later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the momentform now on, from then on,at the same time, meanwhile,till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during
示意解释申明now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreoverfurthermore, in fact, actually
示意转折瓜葛but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the otherhand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, ofcourse, after all
示意并列瓜葛or, and, also, too, not only…but also, as well as, both…and, either…or, neither…nor
示意因果关系because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as aresult (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that
示意前提瓜葛as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless
示意妥协瓜葛though, although, as, even if, even though, whether…or…, however, whoever,whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when,whom)
示意举例for example, for instance, such as…, take…for example
示意对比be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)…just like,just as
示意目标for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to
示意夸大in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly,obviously, above all
示意概括归纳in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated, as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion
(3)掌握经常使用句型:
  1. in order to He worked very hard in order to realize his dream.为了实现他的梦想,他学习特别很是高兴。
  2. in order that She worked hard in order that everything would be ready by 六 o'clock……她冒死干活以便到六点时把统统都准备停当。
  3. so…that They were all so tired that they could do nothing but yawn.他们太累了,除了伸懒腰甚么都做不了了。
  4. such…that It was such a cold day that there was nobody on the street.气候特别很是冷,以致于街上一个人都没有。
  5. would rather do…than do He would rather listen to others than talk himself.他甘心听别人讲而不愿自己说。
  6. prefer doing to doing He prefers making speeches after careful preparation.他甘心在经心准备后去做呈文。
  7. prefer to do…rather than do Compared with women, men always prefer to sleep at home rather than spend so much time shopping.比起女人,男子老是宁肯在家睡觉也不愿花那么多时候来购物。
  8. not only…but also In just three years, she had not only finished all the lessons, but also received her doctor's degree.在短短的三年的时候里她非但完成了全部课程,而且还得到了博士学位。
  9. either…or You could either buy an MP3 or go to Yunnan for a visit if you pass the exam.要是测验过关,你可以买一个MP3或去云南玩一趟。
  10. Neither…nor He is a boring man. He likes neither entertainment nor reading.他是一个无聊的人,既不爱文娱,也不爱念书。
  11. as well as He was kind as well as helpful.他仁慈又乐于助人。
  12.…as well The child is active and funny as well.这个小孩活泼又可爱。
  13. One…the other Have you seen two pens on the desk? One is red, the other is black.你看见桌子上有两只笔吗?一支是红色的,另外一支是黑色的。
  14. Some…others Everyone is busy in classroom. Some are reading, others are writing.每个人都很忙,有些在念书,有些在写作。
  15. make…+adj /n What we do will make the world more beautiful.咱们所做的可以让天下更锦绣。
  16. not…until I didn't know the truth until she told me what happened.直到他告诉我产生的事,我才认识实情。
  17. as if He talks a lot as if he knows everything.他夸夸其谈似乎什么事都晓得。
  18. It is no use (good) doing… It's no use pretending that you didn't know the rules.伪装不懂规则是行不通的。
  19. find it + adj to do… I find it necessary to take down notes while listening.我觉得作听力时有需要作笔记。
  20. It is + time since… It is two years since I last met him.我已经有两年没见他了。
  21. It is + time when… It was 八 o'clock when I got to the cinema.我到电影院时已经8点钟了。
  22. It is + time before… I won't be long before we can meet again.不久咱们就会再见面的。
  23. It is…that… It is friendship that I value most.我最器重的是情谊。
  24. It is + n / adj + that / to do… It is a must that everybody should know how to use computers.每个人都必需晓得若何利用电脑
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