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2009年9月上海高级口译真题及答案 [复制链接]

内阁大臣

岸芷汀兰,宁静致远

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发表于 2009-9-30 03:51:52 PM |显示全部楼层
2009年9月上海高级口译笔试及听力原文
Spot Dictation
For more than two centuries, American's colleges and universities have been the backbone of the country's progress. They have educated their technical, managerial and professional work force, and provided generation after generation of national leaders.
Today, educators from around the country are up to find many reasons for the excellence of the American universities.
But four historic acts stand out as watersheds.
First, education for the mass. In 1862, congress enacted the Land-Grand College Act, which essentially extended the opportunity of higher education to all Americans, including women and minorities.
Each state was permitted to sell large tracts of federal land, and use the proceeds to endow at least one public college.
Second, competition breeds success. Over the years, the decentralization and diversity of the America's colleges and universities have promoted competition for students and resources.
Competitive pressure first arose during the Civil War, when President Lincoln created the National Academy of Science, to advice congress on any subject of science and art.
The academy's impact really grew after World War 2, when a landmark report commissioned by the then president, argue that it was the Federal government's responsibility to provide adequate funds for basic research.
Instead of been centralized in government's laboratories, scientific researches became decentralized in the American universities, and generated increasing investment.
It also gave graduate students research opportunities, and help spread scientific discoveries far and wide, to the benefit of industry, medicine, and society as a whole.
Thirdly, investing in the future. The end of World War 2, saw the passage of Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944.
The law, which provided for college or vocational education for returning veterans, made the higher education system accessible in ways that were inconceivable in Europe, opening the door of the best universities to men and women who had never dreamed of going to college.
Finally, promoting diversity. The creation of federal loan and subsidy programs, as well as outright grand for college students, brought much needed diversity to higher education, and further help to democratize access.
Since it's funded in 1965, Federal Family Education Loan Program has funded more than 74 million student loans, worth more than 180 billion dollars.
Listening Comprehension
Questions 1-5
A: Grace, what's interesting to you about living in the city? Why do you like it?
B: Well, I'm just a city girl. One time I bought a house in the country to escape from the urban ills, and then found myself totally bored with country life. Because you have to drive everywhere, and there's not much to do. I'm used to the fast pace of the city. There's a whole variety of museums, movies, coffee shops, and places to interact with people. But sitting alone in the country, you know, unless you like to grow a garden, or patter around and build things with your hands.
A: Okay, but what about your vacation? I mean, a lot of city people rent vacation houses in the country.

B: But to me, going to the country for a vacation makes no sense at all. There's so much work to do. First you have to get there, and then, I don't know. I think I can relax better in the city. Besides, the country has bugs. There you are supposedly enjoying yourself in the fresh country air, but you are been eaten alive by a variety of different bugs. You can't enjoy yourself. You are been stung and eaten to death. You can't relax. Let's put it this way. If you like boredom, you'll like the country. People who like a lot of stimulation, you know, can't hack it. And then there's the transportation thing, I mean, to get a carton of milk, you have to drive three miles. So the whole car culture thing kicks in. Gives me the city any time.
A: Well, what would you say is the one thing you like most about the city?
B: The interactive social life. People get together. I like it when you call up and people say "come on over", and you hang out together. And it's just fun.
A: Yah, and what about the suburbs?
B: Well, that's even more hateful than the country to me.
A: Why?
B: Well, the suburbs don't even have any of the good country air. There's nothing to do. You just stuck there. And for young people, there are all sorts of problems, alcohol, drugs, you have to drive everywhere... Look, I go to my friend's house in the suburbs. Do you ever see anyone walking in the street? No, it's totally zero. There's nothing going on. What can I say?! You know, it's not for me. I do have one or two suburban friends who like it, because they make a barbeque and the birds are chirping, but not me. And then there's another thing I really hate, in the city, you can make mistakes but you always get a second chance; But in the country and the suburbs, you are labeled. You feel like "wow, that's it!" you are labeled. And that label doesn't come off easily.
A: Well, do you think the city is lonely, or dangerous?
B: NO! In the city, people live in little communities, they have interactive social lives. And I don't think the city is particularly dangerous.
Q1 There are several reasons why the woman likes living in the city, which of the following is NOT one of the reasons?
Q2 What does the woman think of vacation in the country?
Q3 What does the woman like most about the city?
Q4 Which of the following is true about living in the suburbs according to the woman?
Q5 How does the woman describe the city life?
Questions 6-10
London, the United Kingdom
The Left-Leaning Think Tank, the institute for public policy research (IPPR), has warned UK chancellor not to use green taxes to plug the hole in government finances. Its new research shows that the government could gain 3.5 billion pounds a year through a carbon tax on homes and vehicles. But IPPR says this would harm the poor, unless ministers give back all the cash in the form of benefits, tax breaks and home insulation. IPPR has developed a computer model to assess the benefits and drawbacks of environmental taxes. The preliminary findings suggest that taxes can prove a useful tool and achieving environmental objectives. But IPPR says it would be a mistake to use them to raise money because unless they are counter-balanced, they inevitably hit the poorest hardest and are mistrusted by the public.
Munich, Germany
German business confidence rose less than expected in May, as sluggish demand weighed on construction and manufacturing. Go out look for the six-month ahead improved, a closely watched survey showed.
The Munich-based IFO institute's business climate index increased to 84.2 points in May from 83.7 points in April. That’s a steady increase from 82.2 points in March, the lowest level in 26 years. IFO said in a release that manufacturers reported a poorer business situation this month than in April, but expecting improvement in the next 6 months. Germany’s economy went into recession last fall as the global economic crisis sapped demand for its exports.
A: Good afternoon, Mr. Brown. Won't you take a seat? That's an attractive shirt, is that new?
B: Fairly, I got it last month for my birthday.
A: It's very nice. Mr. Brown, I've been enjoying working with you, and you certainly have made some significant contributions. Today, however, I need to speak with you about a problem I have observed. When we are done speaking, I anticipate that we will have a solution worked out for this problem. Does that sound reasonable to you?
B: Sure, this must be serious. You are so formal.
A: Yes, Mr. Brown. During the past month, I have observed you returning late from lunch on 5 different occasions. I have the specific deeds listed here.
B: Hey, I wasn't late, I was running errands.
A: Mr. Brown, I'm going to give you a chance to respond in just a minute. I need you to listen first. If we interrupt each other, we aren't going to get anywhere.
B: Okay.
A: I first observed this change in behavior last month, but I ignored it, assuming that you were engaging in work related activities. However, the end of the month reports came in, and they reviewed a definite drop in your productivity, and significant increase in errors. I spoke with you on the 3rd, and the 17th. On each occasion, the smell of alcohol was obvious. Today, the smell of alcohol is obvious. Drinking while on the job is strictly against company policy. Is there a reason for this change in your behavior?
B: There is no change in behavior. I only had one beer at lunch. That's not a crime, is it?
A: I'd like this to be a problem solving session, not a warning session. You are a valuable employee, and I'd like it to stay that way. I'd like to help you, but you have to be willing to be truthful. Would you like to talk about this with a professional councilor?
B: If you think that would help.
A: I don't know if it will help. That part is up to you. But I'm willing to work with you. Here's the telephone number of Dr. Laurence. I'd like you to call him and set up an appointment. In the mean time, you must understand that alcohol during working hours is strictly forbidden. Failure to observe this rule will lead to dismissal. May I count on you to observe this rule?
B: I'll do my best.
27. What does the man think of the woman's opening remark?
28. According to the conversation, what has the woman observed recently?
29. What does the woman suggest to help solve the problem?
30. What is the company rule according to the woman?
Part C Listening and Translation
I. Sentence Translation
1. Workers who can still demonstrate their capacity to carry out their work should not be asked to retire simply because they have reached a certain age.
2. We had only expected around 20 people to apply for that post, but twice as many showed up, so we had to work overnight for the arrangement of interviews.
3. Many American companies now understand that they must study Chinese laws, trade practices and culture in order to be more effective in doing business with their new trading partners.
4. Not long ago, people were still arguing over whether not climate change was actually taking place, now there was broad consensus that it is happening, and that human activities are largely to blame.
5. It is known that human intelligence is attributable to both heredity and environment, but the genetic factors are more important than the environmental ones.
II. Passage Translation
1. I think examinations are much better than homework. I prefer having exams at the end of a school year to doing homework every week. For me, the problem with homework is that the pressure is on you all the time, and everything you do counts towards your final result. With examinations, you can work really hard only in the final stages. I also like to get up early and go through my notes on the day of the exam. That way, everything is fresh in my mind.
2. Listening is one of the things we do most, yet listening isn't easy. First, we are surrounded by noise, people talking or shouting, the sound of traffic, or the roar of airplanes over the head, which makes any listening job a challenge. Second, we often don't seem to remember even when we do listen. By the time the speaker has finished a 10-minute speech, the average person has already forgotten half of what was said. Within 48 hours, another 50% has been forgotten. In other word, we quickly forget nearly all of what we hear.

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发表于 2009-10-10 05:06:32 PM |显示全部楼层
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内阁大臣

岸芷汀兰,宁静致远

Rank: 8Rank: 8

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发表于 2009-10-12 02:06:18 PM |显示全部楼层

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